An inspection is a tour of the workplace to identify unsafe acts or conditions. At their best, they will involve discussions with the workforce to understand and correct the root causes of the unsafe acts and conditions. In this way, you will avoid the same unsafe condition, for example “fire escape blocked by materials” being observed again and again.
An audit is a more in depth survey of one, or a number of, aspects of the Management System. It will follow document trails, check the understanding of the workforce and look for evidence to demonstrate whether or not the management system is functioning properly and the undertakings given in the Health and Safety Policy are being met.